The highest peak in the world, Mount Everest is also called Qomolangma/Chomolungma (Tibetian) and Sagarmatha (Nepali). Chomolungma in Tibetian means “Mother of the Universe” or “Goddess Mother of the Snows” and Sagarmatha in Nepali means “Head of the Sky”. Further details about the peak can be read in this wikipedia page.
2. K2 (Qogir) 8611m (28250ft) Pakistan / China
K2, the second-highest mountain on Earth, is located in the Karakoram segment of the Himalayan range, on the border between the Gilgit-Baltistan region of the Pakistan administered Northern Areas and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. Further read in Wikipedia.
3. Kangchenjunga 8586m (28169ft) Nepal
Kangchenjunga translated means “The Five Treasures of Snows”, as it contains five peaks, four of them over 8,450 metres.
Kangchenjunga Main 8,586m (28,169 ft.)
Kangchenjunga West (Yalung Kang) 8,505m (27,904 ft.)
Kangchenjunga Central (Middle) 8,482m (27,828 ft.)
Kangchenjunga South 8,494m (27,867 ft.)
Kangbachen 7,903m (25,925 ft.)
4. Lhotse 8501m (27920ft) Nepal
This peak is connected to Mount Everest via the South Col. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres above sea level, Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 metres and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 metres. The rises 3.2 km (1.98 mi) in only 2.25 km (1.4 mi) of horizontal distance, making it the steepest face of this size in the world.(Wikipedia)
5. Makalu I 8462m (27765ft) Nepal
Makalu is located 22 km (14 mi) east of Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and Tibet. Makalu is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid.
6. Cho Oyu 8201m (26906ft) Nepal[/b]
Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan. It lies 20 km west of Mount Everest, at the border between China and Nepal. (Wikipedia page)
7. Dhaulagiri 8167m (26794ft) Nepal
Dhaulagiri means “White Mountain”. (Photo from wikipedia)
8. Manaslu I 8156m (26758ft) Nepal
Manaslu is derived from the Sanskrit word Manasa and is translated as “Mountain of the Spirit” (wikipedia)
The subtle changes of the light on the ice of Manaslu are terrific, turning from grey to pink to orange to yellow and then the ‘regular’ white. (text and photo source)
9. Nanga Parbat 8125m (26658ft) Pakistan
Nanga Parbat means “Naked Mountain” in Hindi. (wikipedia)
10. Annapurna I 8091m (26545ft) Nepal
Annapurna is a Sanskrit name which is translated as Goddess of the Harvests.